Around 6,000 institutes, including B-schools and engineering colleges, will have to complete the accreditation process for all courses before 2022 to meet the minimum standard in higher education, the All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) said on Wednesday.
This will help attract students from low- and middle-income countries to Indian institutions, it said.
Professional colleges will not be allowed to offer courses if they fail to complete the accreditation process, AICTE said.
The ministry had evaluated 942 faculty members of top engineering schools, including the Indian Institutes of Technology and the National Institutes of Technology, before shortlisting 296 professors for mentoring less-known institutions to help improve the standard of their curriculum.
Top technical schools will be provided financial support to help others in achieving the goal, the ministry has said. Students will be encouraged to give feedback to improve the quality of education and evaluate teachers.
The move is one of several initiatives aimed at improving the quality of education in India, announced by Union human resource development minister Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank.
“We need to be at the top in world rankings and the path to achieve that has been made easier through such initiatives,” Nishank said. The ministry has asked AICTE to promote industry-relevant courses, especially in deep- tech and entrepreneurship, he said.
The ministry also unveiled the model curricula for diploma courses, which entails two mandatory internships and promotion of courses on entrepreneurship and startups. It also advocates a two-week mandatory induction programme and credit courses on sports and yoga.
India has one of the largest infrastructure for education with around 11,000 professional schools, 39,000 colleges and more than 900 universities. However, the quality of a majority of the institutes have been below par. Sub-standard courses had even forced 110 engineering colleges to shut shop in 2017-19.
An improvement in the quality of technical education is expected to help India promote itself as an education hub for foreign students, especially from low- and middle-income countries. India aims to attract 200,000 foreign students over the next few years, more than four times the present number.